Proper fertilization is essential to ensure that the garden blooms abundantly. We show what flower fertilizer is made of and why it is so important.
Your own vegetable and fruit harvest or a dense lawn is certainly something very beautiful. But what is more pleasing to the eye than a colorful pile of flowers, which bees and butterflies dance around and smells wonderful? Anyone who owns a flower garden has paradise on their doorstep, always with a bouquet as a gift – and should rely on the right fertilizer. Because the extravagant flowering plants make very high demands.
We explain why the colorful beauties need a special fertilizer, what it can consist of, and what the advantages and disadvantages of mineral, organic, and organic-mineral fertilizers are.
Why do flowers need a special fertilizer?
The term “flower” does not exist in technical jargon, so what is a flower fertilizer? In general, we always speak of flowers when we mean annual flowering plants. Perennials and biennial plants can also be included here, but they are only left in one area for one year.
Summer flowers need special fertilizers for the following reasons:
- Summer flowers are often demanding exotic species that have been bred to have a rich set of flowers. The numerous flowers also cause the high nutritional requirements
- Summer flowers from professional products are used to high levels of nutrients and optimal growing conditions
- When planted outdoors, summer flowers experience a veritable planting shock; optimal soil preparation and nutrient supply can help alleviate this
- The root system of summer flowers is by no means as pronounced and efficient as that of perennials, which is why good availability is all the more important
- Summer flowers complete, in a very short time, sometimes enormous vegetative growth spurts, which further increases their need. A good example is a sunflower
- The vast majority of summer flowers need the main nutrients nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium oxide in a ratio of 9: 3: 14 so that an appropriate special fertilizer is available
What is flower fertilizer made of?
Flower fertilizers are offered as mineral, organic, organic-mineral, or organic fertilizers. In addition to the main nutritional elements mentioned above, other nutritional elements are often also included. While mineral fertilizers only contain nutrient salts in concentrated form, organic fertilization also adds structural material to soil fertilization. All types of flower fertilizers have their advantages and disadvantages, so we will draw a comparison below.
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Flower fertilizer in the test
To meet the high demands of spoiled summer flowers and to be able to enjoy their splendor, you should choose the right fertilizer. Your gardening style or your ecological awareness may also play a role in your choice.
Mineral flower fertilizer
Mineral flower fertilizer is available in solid and liquid forms. In solid form, the nutrients are present as salts of the nutrient ions; in liquid fertilizers, these ions are held individually in the aqueous solution by so-called chelates. Mineral fertilizers are often high in nutrients and the simplest products are quite cheap. What all mineral fertilizers have in common is their very rapid action, which is suitable for the targeted treatment of acute nutrient deficiencies.
Mineral flower fertilizers permanently damage soil life
Unfortunately, mineral fertilization also has some significant disadvantages:
- Good solubility can lead to overfertilization damage and leaching, especially liquid fertilizers are quickly washed away in the field and get into the groundwater
- If soil is only ever fertilized with mineral fertilizers, its quality will decrease in the long term. Humus is broken down and important soil life is damaged
- Mineral fertilizers can contain the toxic heavy metal cadmium, which in this way can get into your garden soil and accumulate there
- The production of mineral fertilizers is energy-intensive and uses limited fossil resources
Organic flower fertilizer
Organic fertilizers are shredded waste from the food and beverage industry. Most of the time, animal waste is used. Organic fertilizers work more slowly than mineral fertilizers because the nutrients they contain are first extracted and released into the soil by beneficial microorganisms.
Organic flower fertilizers often contain animal products in the form of slaughterhouse waste
They have a high price to the nutrient content, but organic fertilization also has the following advantages:
- In addition to the main nutritional elements, organic fertilizers always contain various important trace elements
- The application improves the soil properties, promotes soil life, and stabilizes or increases the humus content: This is called soil fertilization
- A slow-flowing release largely prevents over-fertilization and leaching
- The natural long-term effect supplies the plants with little effort
- The production is less energy-intensive and recycles nutrients, it is therefore resource-saving
Organic-mineral and organic flower fertilizer
Organic-mineral flower fertilizers and organic flower fertilizers contain both organic and mineral components.
- By combining the opposites, an optimal fertilizing effect can be achieved: a quick effect with simultaneous soil care, the prevention of leaching and overfertilization, a natural long-term effect, and conservation of resources
- Classic organic-mineral fertilizers have a lower organic content than organic fertilizers
- Organic fertilizers only use mineral components that are also permitted in organic farming and can even contain living microorganisms
Our Gardender organic flower fertilizer is also such an organic fertilizer. To live up to its name, the raw materials used only come from proven organic sources, and thanks to the purely herbal recipe, even a vegan flower lover can use it without hesitation.
Tip: We recommend that you use an organic long-term flower fertilizer of organic quality. Because instead of completely renewing the floor regularly, it should be better cared for. Such well-tended soil can meet the high nutrient and water requirements of summer flowers.