The yucca palm is a very grateful plant. Nevertheless, you cannot avoid a little care and possibly an occasional cut.
Yucca palms ( yucca ) are considered to be particularly easy-care houseplants in the home that only need to be watered or cut a little. The agave family ( Agavoideae ) is at home in the arid regions of North and Central America, where sometimes harsh conditions prevail. We show you how to optimally care for the yucca and when it should be cut.
The right location for the yucca palm
Yucca palms are mostly kept as a decorative houseplant in this country, the giant palm lily ( Yucca elephantipes ) is particularly popular for this purpose. Conveniently, different types of yucca thrive in the USA despite the severe winters outside, for example, the candle palm lily ( Yucca gloriosa ) or the filamentous palm lily ( Yucca filamentosa ). The following applies to the location of all yucca species: The plant needs enough light because it originates in a sunny area.
Yucca palms for the house are ideally placed by the window; outdoors, a sheltered and warm place such as on the south side of the house is suitable. You should also choose the substrate carefully, as the agave plant does not tolerate waterlogging and too much moisture at all. Therefore, choose a well-drained and nutrient-rich substrate. In an emergency, it can be loosened up with a little sand.
The yucca feels most comfortable in a light spot by the window
Caring for the yucca palm properly
The care measures for yucca palms are limited both indoors and outdoors. We present everything you need to know.
Pour the yucca palm
Yuccas are typical desert plants that are adapted to little water. Too frequent watering can therefore damage them more than too much dryness. The prickly plants react particularly to waterlogging in the root area with root rot and leaf fall. The top rule is, therefore: Better to pour less than too much.
Fertilize the yucca palm
You should also be careful when fertilizing. In the case of yucca palms in the garden, the annual incorporation of compost into the soil is completely sufficient, but with potted cultivation in the apartment, a few fertilizers help. As a fertilizer, for example, our Gardender organic indoor and green plant fertilizer is suitable, as an alternative, the use of diluted nettle manure is a good alternative.
Repot the yucca palm
Repotting the yucca palm is a useful method of supplying the plant with fresh, nutrient-rich soil and at the same time creating more space for the roots. Change the pot about every two years in spring when the roots are already looking out from the underside. Even if the roots have grown so strongly over time, it is always advisable to change the substrate with permeable and nutrient-rich soil. Your yucca will thank you.
Every 2 years your yucca looks forward to the fresh substrate
When caring for the yucca palm, pay attention to the following points:
- Pour little; do not create waterlogging
- Only fertilize moderately
- Repot every two years; the new substrate is important
Cutting off the yucca palm: when & how?
Even if yuccas get rid of superfluous leaves from time to time, in some cases it can be useful to cut them off.
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When to cut the yucca palm?
Yucca palms do not necessarily have to be cut, but this can be an advantage for thinning the leaves. Even if your specimen has taken on a certain size in the living room and is slowly getting out of hand, reaching for scissors (or saw) will help. The yucca is usually cut off in spring to early summer so that the plant has enough time to recover before winter.
When pruning, you can win new cuttings and offshoots immediately
How to cut the yucca palm
To properly prune the yucca palm, you will need sterile cutting tools to prevent infection. Depending on your needs, you can either remove individual leaves or cut off part of the stem directly. Yucca palms also tolerate heavy pruning very well and sprout again quickly. When removing some of the sharp leaves, it is always advisable to wear gloves. Cut off dead, yellow, and overhanging leaves right at the roots. In the case of a radical cut, you should cut the trunk cleanly with a saw and then seal it with tree wax. The cut parts of the plant (even leafless parts of the stem) can be pulled as cuttings into new plants.
You can read more about the propagation of the yucca palm in our special article.