The rose varieties and species are huge – all they have in common is their beauty. We present to you the most beautiful and most popular rose classes. Roses are a classic in the home gardens. Maybe you have thought about getting your own specimen but could not make up your mind because of the huge selection of varieties.
After all, the chosen one should not only suit your personal taste in flower color and shape but also be able to cope with the conditions in the garden. In rougher locations, for example, you should attach great importance to the weather tolerance, winter hardiness, and robustness of the plant. Depending on the intended use, however, the growth form and flowering behavior are also important decision criteria.
The many different varieties are assigned to individual rose classes, which in turn can be combined into groups. However, there may be some overlapping. To give you an overview of the variety of roses, we would like to explain the differences between the individual rose classes and groups. In addition, we will introduce you to some of the most beautiful varieties per category in a quick run-through.
The term “Beetroses” covers many different varieties. In addition to the large-flowered Edelroses, the tufted Floribunda and Polyantha roses are also included. The bed roses are kept low by regular pruning and can be planted in groups or on a large scale in the garden.
We find the following varieties of Beetroses particularly beautiful:
- Bonica 82
Robust variety with light pink flowers from June to September; can develop rosehips; lush growth; grows up to 80 cm tall; rainproof and frost-hardy
- Greetings to Aachen
First Floribunda pink; double, creamy white flowers; yellowish-pink in the center; delicate fragrance; bushy growth (height up to 90 cm); hardy
Medium-sized, golden yellow flowers; pleasant fragrance; long and rich flowering; upright growth; many branches; grows to about 60 cm high; good weather resistance
Semi-double flowers in apricot to creamy white; blooms strong; bushy, upright growth; very good leaf health; was awarded ADR Rose in 2013; hardy
- La Sevillana
Semi-double flowers of bright red color; delicate fragrance; forms orange rosehips; grows up to 80 cm high; good leaf health; heat-tolerant.
Shrub and bush roses
If you think of roses, you often have a richly flowering bush before your eyes. According to their growth form, these are so-called shrub roses. They can be used in the garden in many ways and are also very easy to care for. While small shrub roses (ground cover roses) only reach a height of about 100 centimeters, large shrub roses can grow up to 250 centimeters high. Therefore, many varieties are also ideal for hedges or as a background planting.
Here is a selection of small shrub/bush rose varieties (height from 100 to 150 cm):
Small, semi-double flowers in old pink; flowers more often; grows compact; reaches a height of about 80 to 120 cm; good leaf health; hardy; suitable for tub planting.
Double flowers in apricot-orange; frequent flowering; tart scent; reaches heights of about 120 to 150 cm; medium leaf health; flowers are long-lasting.
- Light of Peace
Heavily double, creamy-white flowers; frequent flowering; light fragrance; upright, slightly arching growth; grows about 120 to 150 cm tall; very robust; rainproof flowers; frost hardy.
Densely double, lavender-colored flowers; flowers more often; smells like pears; upright, bushy growth with overhanging shoots (about 100 to 140 cm high); robust; hardy.
- Rhapsody in Blue
Semi-double, purple-violet flowers with a white center; frequent flowering; light fragrance; upright, bushy growth (up to 120 cm high); medium leaf health.
If there is enough space in the garden, the following shrub rose varieties are also suitable for planting in the bed (height from 150 to 200 cm):
Semi-double flowers in yellow with a reddish edge; frequent flowering; delicate fragrance; upright, bushy growth; reaches heights of about 150 to 200 cm; very good leaf health; frost hardy.
- Eden Rose 85
Strongly double flowers of white-pink to a strong pink; flowers more often; slightly fruity fragrance; bushy growth; reaches heights of up to 200 cm; rainproof and heat tolerant.
- Ghislaine de Feligonde
Small, double flowers of pale yellow to creamy white; flowers more often; elegant fragrance; strong, overhanging growth; grows to a height of about 150 to 200 cm; good leaf health; hardy.
Slightly double flowers in cream white; single flowering; arching, overhanging growth (up to 220 cm high); robust; frost hardy; suitable for single or mixed shrub hedges.
Semi-double flowers in bright copper orange; frequent flowering; good fragrance; upright, bushy growth; grows up to 180 cm tall; good leaf health; for sunny locations.
A comprehensive collection of the most popular shrub rose varieties can also be found here.
Rambler roses, in contrast, form very elastic shoots that can reach a length of up to ten meters. They are particularly suitable for overgrowing pergolas or rose arches. But not only in the growth form but also in the flower shape and color there are sometimes very big differences within the rose class.
In the following we would like to present you with a small selection of climbing rose varieties:
Strongly double flowers in apricot; intense fragrance; flowers more often; grows to a height of about 220 to 280 cm; very good leaf health; conditionally hardy – winter protection recommended.
Numerous highly double flowers in pink to violet; flowers more often; the intensive scent of apple; reaches growth heights of up to 300 cm; hardy.
Double flowers in pink; flowers more often; strong, fruity fragrance; grows about 220 to 280 cm tall; good leaf health (ADR rose); hardy.
Semi-double flowers in lemon yellow; flowers more often; strong, fruity fragrance; grows up to 250 cm high; good leaf health; hardy.
- New Dawn
Double flowers of a delicate pearly pink; flowers more often; light fragrance; grows up to 350 cm high; very robust.
You can find more beautiful and robust climbing roses in our special article.
Dwarf roses are characterized by their compact growth and are therefore also called miniature roses. Miniature roses only grow about 30 to 50 cm high and are therefore also suitable for smaller gardens.
Due to their small size, they can also be planted in a pot to decorate the terrace or balcony. A large selection of different dwarf rose varieties is available in the shops.
Perhaps this small selection can serve you as inspiration:
Double flowers in apricot-orange; flowers bloom more often; good durability of the flowers; upright, bushy growth; suitable for tub planting; winter protection required.
Double, orange-pink flowers with the yellow center; frequent flowering; dense, compact growth; medium leaf health; hardy.
Semi-double flowers in blood-red; frequent flowering; weak fragrance; bushy growth; good leaf health; conditionally hardy – winter protection recommended.
- Orange Jewel
Salmon orange, densely double flowers in umbels; frequent flowering; dense, compact growth; medium leaf health; long flower life.
- White Baby Flower
Small, well double flowers in white; frequent flowering; compact growth; medium leaf health; ideal for tub planting.
Tea roses originated in the 19th century from the crossing of frequently flowering Chinese tea roses and European Remontant roses. Therefore they are often called tea hybrids.
Tea roses are among the oldest modern roses and brought many positive characteristics – such as an extended color range, new fragrances, and a prolonged flowering period – to rose breeding.
Negative characteristics of Chinese Roses – such as increased susceptibility to rose diseases and a lack of winter hardiness – are of little importance for Tea roses today due to successful breeding work. Besides the well-known red Tea roses, there are many other color varieties.
In the following we would like to present some particularly beautiful varieties:
- Augusta Luise
Large, peach-colored flowers; fruity sweet scent; strong, upright growth; reaches heights of up to 120 cm; good leaf health; hardy.
- Gloria Dei
Also known as ‘Madame A. Meilland’ or ‘Peace’; loose, light yellow flower with a pink edge; pleasant fragrance; bushy growth; grows up to 100 cm high; weatherproof.
- Countess Diana
Named after Countess Diana Bernadotte; purple-violet flowers; intense fragrance; upright, bushy growth; reaches heights of up to 120 cm; ADR rose; conditionally hardy.
Medium-sized, pure white flowers of noble form; delicate fragrance; rich flowering; strong, bushy growth; grows up to 70 cm high; good leaf health.
- Sutter’s Gold
Loose flowers in light orange with a reddish shimmer in the edge; strong fragrance; reaches growth heights of up to 100 cm; medium leaf health.
You can find more beautiful Tea roses varieties here.
All modern cultivated roses are descended from the robust wild roses. For ecological reasons alone, it can make sense to fall back on these original species, as the simple flowers serve as a source of food for bees and other insects.
The fruits (rose hips), which form in late autumn, are eaten by birds. However, also from a work-technical view, some speak for the planting of a game-rose. Compared to modern varieties, wild forms are usually easier to care for and less susceptible to plant diseases.
Maybe there is already a suitable species for your garden:
- Vinegar Rose – Pink Gallica
Semi-double, pinkish-red flowers; strong fragrance; upright, bushy growth with overhanging shoots (up to 120 cm high); tolerates shade; high leaf health.
- Pike rose – Rosa glauca
Bowl-shaped, light pink flowers; strong fruit from August; leaves shimmer bluish in summer; bushy, upright growth; grows 150 to 250 cm tall; very robust.
- Chinese Golden Rose – Rosa hugonis
Small flowers in light golden yellow; blooms already from May; black-red rose hips; broad, overhanging growth (up to 200 cm high); conditionally hardy.
- Tufted Rose – Pink multiflora
Numerous small flowers in white; a strong scent of honey; forms roundish rosehips; upright growth with arching overhanging shoots; grows up to 300 cm high; hardy.
- Wine rose – Pink rubiginosa
Simple flowers in light carmine-pink; leaves smell like apple or wine; upright growth with overhanging shoots (up to 350 cm high); strongly prickly.
More beautiful wild rose species as well as tips for pruning wild roses can be found here.
Historical or Old Roses are the longest cultivated garden roses. These include those roses that were already in cultivation before the first tea hybrids were introduced in 1867, even if some varieties were only created later (for example, by crossing two varieties of Old Roses).
Depending on their origin, a distinction can be made within the Historical Roses between, for example, Gallica Roses, Alba Roses, Damascene Roses, and Centifolia.
Among these main groups are mainly single flowering varieties, because more often flowering varieties were only developed in the course of the 19th century. Characteristic for Old Roses are also the densely double, fragrant flowers, the stately growth, and the pastel coloring of the petals.
Among the historical roses are the following varieties:
- Charles de Mills
Gallica rose from 1746; double, purple-violet flowers; single flowering; strong fragrance; broad bushy growth; rain and heat resistant; hardy.
- Gallica Officinalis
Probably the oldest European variety (since 1310); semi-double, pinkish-red flowers with a strong fragrance; single flowering; tolerates shade; very good leaf health.
- Mrs. Hardy
French cultivar from 1832; densely double, pure white flowers with a green eye; single flowering; exudes a strong lemon scent; very healthy; hardy.
- Mme Isaac Pereire
French cultivar from 1881; dense, carmine-pink flowers; frequent flowering; strong fragrance; strong growth; medium leaf health; hardy.
- Louise Odier
Cultivation dating back to 1851; densely double, pure pink flowers; intense fragrance; flowers more often; shrubby growth with overhanging shoots; winter protection recommended.
Ground Cover Roses
Ground cover roses are nothing more than low-growing bedding or shrub roses, which is why they are often referred to as small shrub roses in the trade. The undemanding continuous flowering plants reach growth heights of about 20 to 100 centimeters and usually inspire with their splendid flowers until autumn.
As a rule, ground cover roses are very robust, blooming, and long-lasting. They are best shown to advantage when they are planted in groups of three to five plants per square meter, depending on the vigor of the variety. In combination with stem roses or perennials and grasses in matching colors, you can also create wonderful beds.
The following varieties of ground cover roses are particularly popular:
- Apple Blossom
Simple, white flowers in umbels; delicate fragrance; soft, flexible shoots; reaches heights of up to 80 cm; high leaf health.
- Gardener’s delight
Also known as ‘Toscana’; small, double flowers in raspberry red; flat growth; grows to heights between 40 and 50 cm; very easy to care for; good leaf health; hardy.
- Heath Dream
Numerous, carmine-pink flowers; slightly fragrant; bushy growth (up to 80 cm high); hardly any care necessary; flowers are rainproof and heat tolerant; good leaf health.
Blood red, loosely double flowers; broad, upright growth; reaches heights of up to 60 cm; robust variety with good long-distance effect; hardy
- The Fairy
Small, highly double flowers in salmon pink; broad bushy growth (up to 80 cm high); heat tolerant; good leaf health; suitable for slopes and slopes.
Strictly speaking, stem roses are always composed of two varieties. Most roses do not naturally form stems, which is why flowering bedding roses or Edelroses are grafted on specially grown wild rose shoots. Depending on the height of the stem, one and the same variety is offered as a dwarf stem rose (up to 50 centimeters), half stem rose (up to 70 centimeters), and/or high stem rose (about 90 centimeters).
So-called cascade stem roses are again varieties of climbing or rambler roses that have been grafted on wild roses. These usually form long, overhanging shoots and reach stem heights of about 120 to 140 centimeters.
Here is a small selection of beautiful stem roses in various colors, shapes, and sizes:
- Leonardo da Vinci
Mini-stem rose with densely double, dark pink flowers; flower color hardly fades; delicate fragrance; stem height of about 50 cm; medium leaf health; hardy.
- Marie Curie
Half-stem (about 70 cm high) with the compact, bushy crown; depending on weather conditions the flowers are apricot-orange to pink in color; pleasant fragrance; good leaf health; hardy.
Half-stem (about 60 cm high) with double, purple flowers; wonderful fragrance; flowers from early summer to autumn; hardy; suitable for tub planting.
Compact high stem (about 90 cm high) with highly double, decoratively wavy flowers in dark orange; delicate fragrance; medium leaf health; very good winter hardiness.
- Golden Celebration
English cascade stem rose (about 140 cm tall); splendid, highly double flowers in a rich golden yellow; intense berry scent; broad bushy growth; good leaf health.
The scent of roses not only attracts many insects but also literally makes rose lovers rave. However, the selection of scented roses is not too large compared to the entire range of rose varieties. Unfortunately, in recent decades in rose breeding, attention has been paid mainly to appearance, i.e. flower shape and color.
As a result, many modern rose varieties have very little or no fragrance. Today, specially bred scented roses are often derived from strongly scented wild roses. One finds them mainly among the Old Roses, the English Roses.
Here is a small selection of popular scented roses:
- English Rose Constance Spry
Popular shrub rose; double, pink flowers with a bright edge; the intense fragrance of myrrh; single flowering; upright bushy growth; low leaf health; hardy.
- Roses Scented Cloud
Full, coral-red flowers; frequent flowering; the intensive scent of noble roses; bushy growth; good leaf health; among other things awarded as world rose and ADR rose.
- Scented rose Frederic Mistral
Large, double flowers of light pink; frequent flowering; intense fragrance with a touch of lime; strong, upright, bushy growth; medium leaf health; good winter hardiness.
- Rambler rose Guirlande d’Amour
Many semi-double, pure white flowers in clusters; flowers more often; sweetish fragrance; reaches heights of up to 4 m; very good leaf health; hardy; suitable for rose arches.
- Bush rose Rose de Resht
Medium-sized, bright red flowers; frequent flowering; heavy rose scent; compact growth habit; good leaf health; rain and heat resistant; hardy.
The rose class of the English Roses was coined by the Englishman David Austin. He was the first rose grower who, in 1961, succeeded in combining the characteristics of beautiful, fragrant Old Roses with those of modern tea hybrids, known for their remounting ability and wide color spectrum, in one variety. To date, many more varieties of David Austin’s roses have been added.
We would like to present a small selection of especially beautiful varieties below:
- Abraham Darby
Double flowers in apricot to yellow-orange; fruity fragrance with a tart base note; shrubby growth with overhanging shoots (up to 200 cm high); easy to care for; hardy.
- Graham Thomas
Stuffed flowers of a strong yellow color; the intense scent of tea roses; upright, bushy growth; reaches heights of up to 200 cm; medium leaf health; heat-tolerant; hardy.
Double, light pink flowers; intense fragrance; well-branched, upright, bushy growth; reaches heights of up to 150 cm; medium leaf health; rainproof flowers; hardy.
- Mary Rose
Stuffed flowers in pink; the scent of old roses, almonds, and honey; shrubby growth; reaches heights of up to 150 cm; heat and rain resistant; easy to care for.
- The Pilgrim
Densely double, centrally yellow flowers with white edges; light fragrance; compact, bushy growth; with climbing frame up to 350 cm high; medium leaf health; hardy.
In our special article, we introduce you to other varieties of English Roses and tell you where you can buy particularly beautiful specimens.
The world of roses becomes richer every year by many varieties. In order to increase the awareness of varieties and to be able to judge new varieties according to their intended use, the Allgemeine Deutsche Rosenneuheitenprüfung, ADR for short, was founded in 1950.
The working group behind it is made up of representatives of the Association of German Nurseries, rose breeders, and independent experts. Since then, the “ADR-Rose” award has been given to those new rose varieties that remain healthy when planted out in eleven sighting gardens and also have a high ornamental value.
Over a period of three years, for example, the effect of flowering, scent, winter hardiness, and last but not least resistance to leaf diseases are tested annually. In contrast to other rose awards, however, the ADR distinction can be withdrawn due to the increased testing conditions.