Planting Garden In July: When And How To Plant
What blooms in July? What can be planted or sown in July? We will tell you what work is due in the garden in the summer month of July. For many gardeners, summer is one of the most beautiful times of the year: the warm weather invites you to relax and the plants show their full splendor.
So the garden in July is the perfect place to relax and unwind. However, July also brings a lot of gardening work: it has to be sown and harvested, tended, and cut. Here we tell you which gardening work should be done in July to keep your green oasis in good shape.
Sowing And Planting In July
Even though you can still enjoy the warm sun in July, autumn is already approaching fast. This leaves little time for the vegetables planted in July to develop sufficiently. Many gardeners, therefore, ask themselves: What else can be planted in July? Many feel even more uncertain when it comes to sowing in July. In fact, there are quite a few plants that can still be planted or sown in July.
What can be planted in July?
Part of the gardening work in July is planting new gardeners. Especially plants with a long development time have hardly any chance to establish themselves completely in the bed until autumn – instead of sowing them, one, therefore, plants the preferred plants.
You can either buy the young plants in garden shops or prefer to plant them yourself in the house. Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. Italica), kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes), and cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis), but also other varieties of cabbage can find their way back into the garden.
Likewise one can put numerous salad varieties, for example, radicchio (Cichorium intybus var. foliosum) as well as leek (Allium ampeloprasum subsp. ampeloprasum), as young plants into the bed again in July. In summer, the harvest leaves a space free in the raised bed again.
Not a few gardeners, therefore, ask themselves the question of what can be planted in the raised bed in July. In fact, young plants of broccoli, kohlrabi, etc. are also suitable for the raised bed. In addition, multi-bearing strawberries (Fragaria) can be planted in July – but fruits will only form next year.
Pay attention to the crop rotation in the raised bed: not all plants are compatible with each other without problems. In an ornamental garden, the Bearded Iris (Iris barbata) can be planted in July. Daffodils (Narcissus) can also be divided in July and the bulbs replanted.
Vegetables: cauliflower, broccoli, kale, kohlrabi, leek, Brussels sprouts, savoy cabbage, pointed cabbage, Chinese cabbage.
Fruit: Multi-bearing strawberries.
Lettuce: Lamb’s lettuce, iceberg lettuce, endive, Batavia, purslane, radicchio.
Ornamental garden: Beard iris, daffodils.
What can be sown in July?
Even if many do not know: There are a number of plants that can be sown during gardening in July. Especially plants with a short growing period such as lettuce and radishes (Raphanus sativus var. sativus) are ideal: Sowed in July, they can be harvested to match the autumn. Numerous herbs such as parsley (Petroselinum crispum) or basil (Ocimum basilicum) can also be grown in July.
Savory (Satureja) and marjoram (Origanum majorana) can also be grown if they are planted in good herb and seed soil. Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) can now be sown again. July is also the last date for sowing bush beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) and carrots (Daucus carota subsp. sativus): the former should be sown by mid-July at the latest, the latter at the beginning of July.
Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis) only finds perfect conditions for its growth in July. From 22 °C on, its ideal germination temperature is reached, if the temperature falls below 18 °C, there is even the danger of premature shooting.
But even in the ornamental garden, it is still possible to sow in July – hollyhocks (Alcea rosea) must be sown as biennial plants in July so that they can flower the following year. At the beginning of July, the Iceland poppy (Papaver nudicaule) can also be sown, which also shows its flowers the following year.
- Vegetables: bush beans, Chinese cabbage, autumn radish, carrots, radishes, spinach, winter hedge onion, winter radish, spring onion
- Lettuce: Lamb’s lettuce, iceberg lettuce, endive, Batavia, purslane
- Ornamental garden: Iceland poppy, hollyhocks
Harvest In July: What Is Ripe Now?
The July harvest is particularly varied for the gardener, as numerous vegetables, but also salads and fruits are now ripe for harvest. In addition to tried and tested classics such as potatoes (Solanum tuberosum), peas (Pisum sativum), and onions (Allium cepa), you can also harvest numerous varieties of cabbage.
Salad and pickled gherkins (Cucumis sativus) are also ripe. In the greenhouse, tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum) and peppers (Capsicum) have also reached maturity. Gourmets especially get their money’s worth in July: strawberries (Fragaria), raspberries (Rubus idaeus), and currants (Ribes) donate their sweet fruits.
And the first fruits also hang on the fruit trees: apricots (Prunus armeniaca), mirabelle plums (Prunus domestica subsp. syriaca), and cherries (Prunus) can finally be harvested.
- Vegetables: Cauliflower, broccoli, mushrooms, Chinese cabbage, broad beans, pickled gherkins, peas, carrots, potatoes, kohlrabi, chard, leek, radish, radish, red cabbage, cucumbers, runner beans, pointed cabbage, white cabbage, savoy cabbage, zucchini, onions
- Lettuce: Bativa lettuce, oak leaf lettuce, iceberg lettuce, lettuce, lollo rosso, dandelion, radicchio
- Fruit: Apricots, strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, currants, mirabelles, sour cherries, gooseberries, sweet cherries
- Greenhouse: Paprika, Tomato
What Blooms In July?
In July many gardens are transformed into a veritable sea of flowers. No wonder, after all, many flowers have their flowering time in July. The flowers of the cranesbill (Geranium), for example, are particularly beautiful and bloom in numerous color variations.
But also purple coneflower (Echinacea), phlox (Phlox), and larkspur (Delphinium) show their colorful flowers. The first blooming sunflowers (Helianthus annuus) are particularly impressive in July. But larger plants also reveal their flowers: the shrub chestnut (Aesculus parviflora) shows its flowering candles.
In the vegetable garden, the curry herb (Helichrysum italicum) shows its yellow flowers, which provide a striking contrast to the silver leaves. Also, basil (Ocimum basilicum) now sprouts its flowers.
- Perennials: Blue bubblehead, phlox, purple coneflower, larkspur, yarrow, spurge, cranesbill, wonder flower.
- Flowers: sunflower, marigold, nasturtium, snapdragon, zinnia.
- Trees and bushes: lime trees, butterfly bushes, lime trees, chestnut.
- Herbs: Curry herb, Lavender, Clary sage, Hyssop.
Further Gardening Work In July
But gardening in July does not only include sowing and harvesting but many other aspects as well. So in July, the following gardening work is also necessary:
- Caring for roses: Roses (pink) should be provided with mainly organic fertilizer one last time in July so that their branches can mature towards winter.
- After fertilizing the roses, a sufficient supply of water must be ensured. But also the soil care should not be neglected in July for the roses. The soil should be loosened and weeds should be removed regularly.
- Regular watering: July is often particularly hot and dry. Garden plants, in particular, suffer from the hot weather – so regular watering is a must to prevent them from dying.
Pruning: July is the perfect time to give many plants pruning. Withered perennials such as geranium benefit from partial pruning and can even thank you for your work by reflowering. Ground cover plants such as ivy (Hedera helix) should also be pruned at the beginning of July to stimulate better branching of the plant.
Water the lawn: Grasslands also suffer from heat and drought in July. To prevent the grass from drying out and becoming unsightly brown, the lawn should be watered regularly. To prevent the lawn from burning, it is advisable to use the early morning hours to water the lawn, as the evaporation rate is lowest at this time of day.
Maintain the pond: High temperatures and strong sunlight in July ensure that algae quickly spread on the pond. If you have not taken precautions to reduce algae formation by planting pond plants, you should now regularly fish the green algae with a landing net. Additional shading of the water surface is also helpful, for example by the leaves of the water lily (Nymphaea). New water lily plants can be gradually incorporated into the pond from the beginning of July.
Storing compost correctly: Especially in July, there is a lot of lawn cuttings. A good way to recycle cuttings is to compost them in your own garden. But be careful – if the heavy lawn cuttings are simply thrown in a pile, they can start to rot. With small branches and twigs, you can provide good ventilation during composting so that rotting does not occur.
Mulch raspberries: July can sometimes be quite warm – not ideal conditions for raspberries (Rubus idaeus), which as forest plants prefer evenly moist and cool soil. In order to be able to offer this in summer, a mulch layer (e.g. bark mulch) is well suited because it protects the soil from drying out.
Avoid sunburn with cauliflower: Sunburn on cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis) does not only look unattractive but can be very damaging to the plant. To prevent this from happening in the first place, it is worth shading the plant in summer: By folding the outer leaves, the bud is protected and the cabbage can continue to grow without danger of sunburn.
Harvesting and drying herbs: Many herbs reach the peak of their aroma in July. Especially if you want to preserve the herbs, you should harvest them now. This not only keeps the taste of the herbs particularly intense, but the warm weather in July also invites you to dry the herbs in the air, which is considered the most gentle method of preservation.
Care for strawberries: In July, numerous strawberry varieties reach the end of their harvest season. Nevertheless, they should still be cared for: Spotted leaves should be removed from the plants, runners should be cut off. Organic fertilization ensures that the plants receive sufficient nutrients so that they are ready for the next strawberry season.