There are countless types of artichokes that can be grown in the USA. Before you rush to buy seeds, you should know the varieties of artichoke.
The artichoke season begins with the sowing, which should usually take place in the first days of March. Growing the Mediterranean delicacy in your own garden is also very worthwhile for the hobby gardener. The artichoke can be cultivated for several years and decorates the garden with its extraordinarily beautiful flowers. You can order the seeds online or purchase them from a garden center of your choice. A topic about which we get many questions is whether the plant can survive the winter outside in our latitudes. We advise you to either let the plant overwinter in the cellar at around 15 degrees or outside in milder winters. But then it is advisable to cover the roots with plenty of straw, foil, and styrofoam to protect them from possible frost.
In general, planting artichokes is very easy and caring for them is hardly difficult. The artichoke not only adorns the garden and provides its tasty fruits, but is also considered a medicinal plant in many cultures. A triple win to have the artichoke in the garden.
We have prepared a selection of varieties for you so that you can easily make the right choice. Resistance to frost, in particular, can be a decisive selection criterion.
- Green Globe: Artichoke variety with large fruits and green petals.
- Violetto Chiogga: smaller fruits with purple and elongated buds; high resistance to frost.
- Vert de Provence: smaller fruits with rapid growth; many artichoke flowers.
- Imperial Star: fast-growing variety with quite dark green foliage; Large fruit variety.
You can read about how to harvest and store artichokes correctly in our special article.